On a recent drive back from Canberra to Sydney taking the road through Bungendore was hard to resist. The wood craft gallery in that village is one of my favourites but the area was also the stomping ground of my Cole and McFarlane ancestors. In this regard the main point of interest was St Thomas’s Church cemetery at Carwoola where many members of these two families were buried.

Across the years from the 1840s to about 1900 family records indicate events across the Molonglo region including locations such as Gidleigh, Carwoola, Foxlow, Black Ranges, Bungendore as well as others at nearby Gundaroo.

St Thomas’s Church

St Thomas’s Church is on the Captains Flat Road as are Carwoola and Foxlow stations. Captains Flat Road is a pleasant drive off the King’s Highway through undulating wooded country of the Cuumbuen Nature Reserve which then opens into the pastures of the “sheltered fertile” Molonglo Valley. St Thomas’s church is perched on a small rise surrounded by trees that conceal all but the spire and even though I had been there previously, I almost drove straight past it.

The first settlers in the Molonglo Plains area had arrived in about 1820. Thomas Rutledge, who was one of the earlier major land holders, lived at Carwoola and he gave land near the homestead on which the St Thomas’s church was built (between 1872 and 1874). Thomas Rutledge and many of his family were also buried at St Thomas’s cemetery.

The Carwoola station whose name comes from the aboriginal word Carrowillah and means “where the water meets the plains”. Thomas Rutledge commenced building the homestead in 1849 and extended to grand proportions in 1874. Foxlow is further south and was established in about 1835 by John Hosking, who gave his name to nearby Hoskinstown, and it was named after his wife Martha Foxlow Terry.

Gidleigh, Lake George – Watercolour by PG King c1840 National Archives of Australia
Gidleigh, Lake George – Watercolour by PG King c1840
National Archives of Australia


Gidleigh station which is closer to Bungendore was owned by Admiral Phillip Parker King, son of governor Philip Gidley King, from about 1833 and was named after his home in Devonshire and later sold to Thomas Rutledge. By 1870 Thomas Rutledge owned Gidleigh, Foxlow as well as Carwoola.



My third great-grandparents, William Cole and his wife Martha Sophia (Skinner) had arrived in Australia from Kent in 1838 aboard the Amelia Thompson. By 1847 they were in the Molonglo at Black Range and had started a family. My other third great-grandparents, Scottish Charles McFarlane and his Irish wife Elizabeth (Welsh) also arrived in the Molonglo within a couple of years.

The families were connected when in 1861 their children, Frederick William Cole and Ellen McFarlane married at St Philip’s Church, Bungendore. The children of Frederick and Ellen’s were recorded as being born variously at Gidleigh, Foxlow and Carwoola.

The drive through the Molonglo valley and Bungendore to visit my relatives was a pleasant detour which I know I will take again.

4 thoughts on “Carwoola

  1. Hi there…..many of my ancestors – Wark, Flynn, Daniels, Hegarty, are buried in the Carwoola churchyard. My ancestors worked for many years at Gidleigh & it is very much a part of my history.

  2. Hi Kerry, Thanks for your post. Having lived in Queanbeyan for a couple of years and visited the Carwoola area several times, I have quite a liking for the place.

    I notice from the cemetery records that your Wark family has a long history in the area. I would be interested any information you have about life there in the 1800s.
    I wonder whether our ancestors experienced fires like those recently.
    Best wishes.

  3. My Great Grandparents lived and worked at Carwoola Their names are Edward Wilson Lambert and Jane Lambert (née Fraser)
    They were married at Queanbeyan in February 1877 and I think that they would have met whilst working on Carwoola.
    Edward may have been involved with the horses because I have details of his later employment on other rural properties in the Goulburn District where he was employed as a coach driver and one of his employers sent him to America to bring a thoroughbred stallion back to Australia.

    It’s name was ‘Prince Patcheon’

    Any information relating to them would be appreciated.

    1. Hi Graham
      Thanks for your comment. My 2xgreat grandfather, Frederick William Cole, who lived his whole life in that area was a sawyer early on but later in life he was recorded as being a coachman (at Gidleigh). He probably knew your Edward. Unfortunately I don’t have much information about the area, really only from his children’s birth certificates.

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